Kilauea, Hawaii

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Kilauea is a youthful shield volcano located on the south east flank of the massive mauno. It is Hawaii's youngest and most active volcano and is a huge tourist attraction on the islands. Following the pattern of Haiwaii'n volcano formation, Kilauea started as a submarine volcano gradually building itself up through underwater eruptions.



Eruptions.


Mount Kilauea has a frequent summit and flank lava explosions that are occurring along two elongated rift zones to both sides of the volcano rift zones. So far it has had an uninterrupted eruption since 1983. Rather than having a large mountain which spews lava from the top, Kilauea's lava slowly spews out of the ground and is far runnier than lava from a composite volcano. The first documented eruptions occurred in 1820 but some reports of documentations occurred up to 1,500 years ago. But these reports are rare and hard to interpret.



Facts

  • Kilauea is one of the most active craters in the world with a circumference of 13 km and is surrounded by a wall of external image 220px-Location_Kilauea.svg.pngvolcanic rock 200-500 ft (61-152 m) high.

  • It was formed under a hot-spot under the crust like over Hawaiian volcanoes such as Kahala, Mauno Kea, Mouna Loa and Hualalia.

  • The oldest dated rocks are 23,000 years old.

  • 50,000 - 100,000 years was the age of the first eruption

Pele, The Goddess Of Fire

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Image result for mount kilauea

  1. In the Hawaiian religion, Pele, the fire goddess is the goddess of fire, lightening, wind and volcanoes. she is the creator of the Hawaiian islands. often referred to as madame Pele or tutu Pele as a sign of respect, she is a well known deity within Hawaiian mythology, and is notable for her contemporary presence and cultural influence as an enduring figure from ancient times.


Tourism

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The volcano became a tourist attraction from the 1840s on wards, and local businessmen such as Benjamin Pitman and George Lycurgus ran a series of hotels at the rim, including Volcano house which is still the only hotel or restaurant located within the borders of the Hawaii National volcanoes park. In 1891, Lorrin A Thurston, grandson of the American missionary Asa Thurston and investor in hotels along the volcano's rim, began campaigning for a park on the volcano's slopes, an idea first proposed by William Richards Castle.