Eyjafjallajokull

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Location,

Eyjafjallajokull is located in Southern Iceland.

Key Facts,

The volcano is 1,651 metres high, with a crater of up to 4 km in diameter and with 3 main peaks.
Eyjafjallajokull used to be part of the coast. Eyjafjallajokull has retreated from the coastline.
The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square km, although it is one of the smallest ice caps in the country.
Different parts of the name mean island, mountain and glacier.
The ash cloud in 2010 reached as far as the south coast of England, Germany and parts of western Russia.
Another volcano with a glacier covering it is Katla. It's located about 25 km away from Eyjafjallajokull. In the past an eruption at Eyjafjallajokull was always followed by an eruption at Katla although in 2010 Katla didn't erupt.

Iceland,

Iceland has about 130 volcanic mountains. It's main Volcanoes are Eyjafjallajokull and Katla. All around Iceland there are beautiful waterfalls doted around the country icluding the world famous Gulfoss and Selfoss which you can walk behind. Iceland is also one of the worlds most volcanically active place. In many parts of the world techtonic plates are crashing together but in Iceland there are HUGE cracks and gorges created by plates actually pulling apart. There are areas you can go and walk through these gorges and on one side of the gorge you are on the Eurasian plate and the if you are on the other side you are on the North American plate. Iceland is also a geothermal hot spot and is very economical. It uses it's geothermal energy to heat homes, heat side walks to melt snow and ice and it's renewable. Iceland is also full of sulfur and this plus geothermal energy has created many hot springs around iceland including the world famous geisers. The blue lagoon is also amazing and it's all natural and you can swim in it. Reykjavic is the capital city and is an amazing city. It's very beautiful and has various traditionaly activities to take part in.

Latest Eruption,

Eyjafjallajokull devastated most of Western Europe and some of North America with it's latest eruption which was in 2010 and a 9 kilometre high ash plume rose above the volcano. The eruption is split into phases. In the first phase the eruption was a 4 on the volcanic explosivity index. There was even a new crater opened up on the volcano. The eruption stopped all air travel in Northern and Western Europe for over a week and the ash cloud would have destroyed the planes insides and a lot of casualties would have happened. It was the worlds biggest air travel disruption since World War 2. In a few locations you couldn't even see the sky because of the ash cloud.

Eruption history,

Although it is an active volcano, it erupts several centuries after the recent eruption. The first eruption was in 920 and the ones following were in 1612, 1821 and 2010. The ash from the 1821 eruption is still around the local area. There were also documented intrusion events in 1994 and 1999 but magma didn't reach the surface.

Surrounding Plateyjafjallajokull beofre.jpges,

The volcano is on the Eurasian Plates side of Iceland and is very close to the North American Plate. Those two plates are pulling away from each other causing Iceland to be on both plates.

Type of Volcano,

Eyjafjallajokull is a strato volcano which is a volcano built up of different layers of lava and ash. The lava and the ash builds up and forms the shape of the volcano.

Age of Volcano,

Eyjafjallajokull is 800,000 years old which makes it quite an old volcano.